Taj Mahal, the wonder of the world and the symbol of love of a king for his queen, stands gloriously in Agra, withstanding the brunt of the weather and time. Despite being one of the most popular monuments of India there are a lot of facts that remain unknown to the people of India and the world. That is a problem and we shall solve it now. Here are 15 facts about the Taj Mahal that you probably didn’t know.
Taj Mahal is actually a Tomb made in the memory of Arjumand Bano Begum, who was given the title of Mumtaz Mahal by Shah Jahan. Who died giving birth to their 14th child.
An estimated 20,000 laborers were recruited from all over to contribute to the massive project.
The four minarets (towers) surrounding the Taj Mahal were constructed father away from the main structure than usual. This was done so that if any of them fell, they would fall away from the tomb rather than cause additional damage.
During British rule in India, the garden landscaping was changed to look more like the lawns in London, England. The original garden was adorned with lots of roses and daffodils.
The Taj Mahal contains a working mosque and is closed on Fridays for prayer.
There is no proof to support the long-standing myth that artists and architects involved with the construction of the Taj Mahal were later put to death so that they could never ‘repeat such a beautiful feat.’ Instead, historians believe that they were required to sign contracts.
With construction beginning around 1632 and finishing in 1653, the Taj Mahal took an estimated 22 years to build.
Islamic tradition forbids the decoration of graves, so Shah Jahan and his wife are actually buried in a plain crypt beneath the main inner chamber.
Shah Jahan’s other wives and even his favorite servant are buried in mausoleums just outside of the Taj Mahal.
Over 1,000 elephants were used to transport heavy materials and supplies for construction.
A total of 28 types of precious and semiprecious jewels are set in the marble. The turquoise came from Tibet; jade came from China. Heavy white marble — the principal building material — was transported from Rajasthan.
British soldiers pried precious stones from the walls of the Taj Mahal during the Sepoy Rebellion in 1857.
The Taj Mahal is actually cracking at an alarming rate due to lack of groundwater beneath the structure. Wooden foundations — once submerged — are thought to be rotting. Even the minarets are beginning to lean.
The structure on the western side of the Taj Mahal is thought to have been used as a guest house.
The four sides of the Taj Mahal are perfectly identical creating an astonishingly mirrored image on each side. It uses the principles of self-replicating geometry and symmetry of architectural elements.