On December 26, 2004, the world stood witness to the wrath of nature as the massive tsunami waves crushed against the shores of South Asia killing more than 230,000 people. It was the day after Christmas. Most people were sleeping after merrymaking all night when the two continental plates collided under the Indian Ocean and caused the biggest and most destructive cyclone of recent times.
It has been 12 years now. The sights of the Tsunami had affected Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, Maldives and Somalia.
Top 10 Facts about Tsunami
A tsunami is a series of sea waves. Tsunami comes from the Japanese word for harbor wave.
Tsunami occurs when there is a large displacement of water. They are generated by earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides and meteorites.
The world’s tallest Tsunami occurred in Alaska in 1958. It was 1,750 feet high.
Tsunami waves can be very long and can be as far as one hour apart.
80% of the Tsunamis happen within the Pacific Oceans Ring of Fire.
In 2004, the Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an earthquake with the energy of 23,000 atomic bombs.
Hawaii is always at great risk for a tsunami – they get about 1 per year and a severe one every 7 years. The biggest tsunami that occurred Hawaii happened in 1946, the coast of Hilo Island was hit with 30 feet waves at 500 mph.
The destructive force of a tsunami comes not from the height of the wave, but from the volume of water moving.
Scientists can accurately estimate the time when a tsunami will arrive almost anywhere around the world based on calculations using the depth of the water, distances from one place to another, and the time that the earthquake or other event occurred.
The first wave of a tsunami is usually not the strongest, successive waves get bigger and stronger.